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Phases III and IV 8:30 am to 8:45am
The Battle of Princeton
Phases I and II 7:40am to 8:30am
The Caldwalader "Spy" Map
Facts about The Battle of Princeton
The Battle of Princeton (January 3, 1777) was a pivotal battle in which General George Washington's revolutionary forces defeated British forces.
On the night of January 2, 1777 George Washington repulsed a British attack at the Battle of the Assunpink Creek in Trenton. That night, he evacuated his position, circled around General Lord Cornwallis' army, and went to attack the British 4th Brigade garrisoned at Princeton. Brigadier General Hugh Mercer of the Continental Army clashed with two regiments under the command of Lieutenant Colonel Charles Mawhood of the British Army. Mercer and his troops were overrun. Washington sent some militia under Brigadier General John Cadwalader in support. The militia, on seeing the flight of Mercer's men, also began to flee. Washington rode up with reinforcements and rallied the fleeing militia. He then led the attack on Mawhood's troops. Mawhood 17th Reg of about 800 men were surrounded. Mawhood gave the order to retreat and most of the troops tried to flee to Cornwallis in Trenton.
In Princeton itself, Brigadier General John Sullivan encouraged some British troops who had taken refuge in Nassau Hall to surrender, ending the battle. After the battle, Washington moved his army to Morristown, and with their third defeat in ten days, the British evacuated southern New Jersey. With the victory at Princeton, morale rose in the American ranks and more men began to enlist in the army. The battle was the last major action of Washington's winter New Jersey campaign of ‘77. Part of the site of the battle is now Princeton Battlefield State Park, a National Historic Landmark.
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